The Mesa Grande Reservation is located on 1,803 acres in southern California. In 1998 the tribe purchased an additional 883 acres of land to be used for the construction of tribal housing. The reservation was established in 1875.
The reservation is situated in a remote region of the hills above the forests of Black Canyon, within the Cleveland National Forest. Elevations range to 3,500 feet above sea level.
The tribe is governed by a tribal council that consists of a chairperson, a vice-chairperson, and three council members. Government departments include administration, housing, environmental protection, education, Indian Child Welfare services, and repatriation.
Much of the information about the member tribes is taken partly or in some cases entirely from the landmark guide compiled by Dr. Veronica E. Velarde Tiller, Jicarilla Apache and historian:
Tiller, Veronica. Tiller's Guide to Indian Country: Economic Profiles of American Indian Reservations. Bowarrow Publishing Company, 1996. ISBN 1-885931-01-8